Pilot Study 2

Climate change adaptation measures in Romanian agriculture

Overall aim

The main objective of the pilot study was the assessment of crop water use efficiency under current and future climate conditions for different cropping systems (winter wheat, maize, sunflower, potato), and for different agricultural sites that are vulnerable to water scarcity and drought.

Study area

Two agricultural sites were selected, one in Covasna County in central Romania, and one in Caracal County in the south of the country. These two sites have different agro-climatic conditions and thus different adaptation options. The method used to assess climate change impacts on agriculture relied on the modeling of long-term observations and agro-climatic data in order to establish risk assessment and to highlight areas with high vulnerability to extreme climate events. The data on climate change, crop production and water demand indices were integrated in GIS techniques in order to identify areas with high vulnerability to water scarcity and drought.

Further information is available from the websites of the National Meteorological Administration and the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (Romanian only).


The core of Pilot Study 2 was based on simulation models (e.g. CERES-Wheat and CERES-Maize) in combination with the RegCMs climatic predictions at a very fine resolution for 2021–2050 and 2071–2100. Three different technological sequences were analysed by alternative simulations of crop management practices: the application of irrigation using different soil classes, changes in sowing date etc. In addition, the United Nations Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) was requested to provide information regarding the potential impact of weather patterns on the productivity of selected crops and different management options useful for farmers and decision makers. 

The National Meteorological Administration was responsible for implementing Pilot Study 2 based on its expertise in modeling crop systems and developing new satellite-derived products for risk management tools in limitative conditions (drought); and the Environmental Protection Agency of Covasna was responsible for assessing local territorial plans and for developing the environmental strategy at local level. 


Pilot Study 2 Report: Adaptation measures in Romanian agriculture